WikiLeaks - Documents

WIKILEAKS: Craig S. Wright is a proven serial forger of documents claiming that he is the inventor of Bitcoin. He has been repeatedly caught. This has been independently verified by WikiLeaks at the time of his first claim and subsequently.

WIKILEAKS: Craig S. Wright is a proven serial forger of documents claiming that he is the inventor of Bitcoin. He has been repeatedly caught. This has been independently verified by WikiLeaks at the time of his first claim and subsequently. submitted by mrilirgashi to btc [link] [comments]

"Craig S. Wright is a proven serial forger of documents claiming that he is the inventor of Bitcoin. He has been repeatedly caught. This has been independently verified by WikiLeaks at the time of his first claim and subsequently." - @wikileaks

submitted by LitecoinChannel to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

@wikileaks: The Bernie Madoff of #Bitcoin, Craig S. Wright, who keeps forging documents to make it seem that he is Bitcoin's pseudonymous inventor Satoshi Nakamoto, caught again, this time forging a "2001" antecedent to Nakamoto's first Bitcoin paper. https://t.co/Xqmok0p0U4 https://t.co/HssXgTuQ7l

@wikileaks: The Bernie Madoff of #Bitcoin, Craig S. Wright, who keeps forging documents to make it seem that he is Bitcoin's pseudonymous inventor Satoshi Nakamoto, caught again, this time forging a submitted by dreammanalishi to conspiracywhatever [link] [comments]

@wikileaks: Craig S. Wright is a proven serial forger of documents claiming that he is the inventor of Bitcoin. He has been repeatedly caught. This has been independently verified by WikiLeaks at the time of his first claim and subsequently. https://t.co/87wu2Eg7WB https://t.co/v4nG018JQF

@wikileaks: Craig S. Wright is a proven serial forger of documents claiming that he is the inventor of Bitcoin. He has been repeatedly caught. This has been independently verified by WikiLeaks at the time of his first claim and subsequently. https://t.co/87wu2Eg7WB https://t.co/v4nG018JQF submitted by dreammanalishi to conspiracywhatever [link] [comments]

Bitcoin mentioned around Reddit: WikiLeaks: WikiLeaks issues a $100,000 reward for the withheld JFK documents should they show violations of law, inefficiency, or administrative error. /r/The_Donald

Bitcoin mentioned around Reddit: WikiLeaks: WikiLeaks issues a $100,000 reward for the withheld JFK documents should they show violations of law, inefficiency, or administrative error. /The_Donald submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Bitcoin mentioned around Reddit: WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange reportedly "gave excuse after excuse" for refusing to publish a trove of documents related to corruption within the Russian government /r/worldnews

Bitcoin mentioned around Reddit: WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange reportedly submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Bitcoin mentioned around Reddit: WikiLeaks document showing that saudi arabia funded ISIS. How can trump supporters just stand by and let donald trump sign a 100 billion dollar arms deal with a country that is funding terrorism? /r/conspiracy

Bitcoin mentioned around Reddit: WikiLeaks document showing that saudi arabia funded ISIS. How can trump supporters just stand by and let donald trump sign a 100 billion dollar arms deal with a country that is funding terrorism? /conspiracy submitted by BitcoinAllBot to BitcoinAll [link] [comments]

Trump Sets Free Another Russia Probe Criminal, Then Gloats With Putin

Trump Sets Free Another Russia Probe Criminal, Then Gloats With Putin submitted by positive_X to esist [link] [comments]

Are we in the upside down?

Are we in the upside down? submitted by jcdulos to The_Mueller [link] [comments]

Biden speaks the truth: don't be guilt-tripped into voting for the supposed 'lesser-of-two-evils'

Biden speaks the truth: don't be guilt-tripped into voting for the supposed 'lesser-of-two-evils' submitted by archip00p to PresidentialRaceMemes [link] [comments]

Roger Stone Releases Statement After DOJ Unseals Search Warrants in Garbage Investigation of Longtime Trump Friend and Colleague

Roger Stone Releases Statement After DOJ Unseals Search Warrants in Garbage Investigation of Longtime Trump Friend and Colleague submitted by jamesgalb to The_MuellerMeltdown [link] [comments]

… you're mourning the loss of your racist safe space?

… you're mourning the loss of your racist safe space? submitted by MachReverb to SelfAwarewolves [link] [comments]

Roger Stone Bought Hundreds of Fake Facebook Accounts to Promote His WikiLeaks Narrative

submitted by TheeHeadAche to worldpolitics [link] [comments]

Mueller investigators said Roger Stone orchestrated hundreds of fake Facebook accounts in political influence scheme

Mueller investigators said Roger Stone orchestrated hundreds of fake Facebook accounts in political influence scheme submitted by HondaAnnaconda to USNEWS [link] [comments]

Giuliani predicts Barr will prosecute Comey for ‘treason’

Giuliani predicts Barr will prosecute Comey for ‘treason’ submitted by tacklebox to SelfAwarewolves [link] [comments]

05-16 08:14 - 'Can't the same be said for any industry though? All industries use energy and some of that energy will inherently come from fossil fuels. If burning coal is the cheaper option vs. renewables, then 9/10 companies will choose coal...' by /u/sc0obyd0o removed from /r/news within 9-19min

'''
Can't the same be said for any industry though? All industries use energy and some of that energy will inherently come from fossil fuels. If burning coal is the cheaper option vs. renewables, then 9/10 companies will choose coal, irrespective of whether the company has anything to do with bitcoins.
If free / low-cost renewable solutions become cheaper than coal, then naturally companies will switch away from coal, bitcoin mining is no different. The value of the currency is not intrinsically tied to dirty energy. Bitcoin miners will go where it's cheapest to mine, regardless of energy type.
Although I do see your point on the Visa vs. Bitcoin energy used per transaction argument, most of us, myself included, get along fine with Visa and Paypal which work 99% of the time.
I think the trade off would be that a Bitcoin transaction is arguably worth "more" since it's censorship free and deflationary.
In 2011 PayPal freezes WikiLeak's account due to them publishing military documents & videos outlining the civilian casualties in the Afghan war.
Bitcoin saved WikiLeaks from collapsing since its impossible to "block" a Bitcoin transaction or "freeze" a Bitcoin account. Bitcoin solves the double-spend problem in computer science meaning that anyone can receive bitcoin without the need for a middle man ( Paypal / Visa). No one can even attempt to censor you since there is no middle man to pressure.
[[link]2
Of course, most of us have no need for an unstoppable, non-confiscatable, supplied capped type of money. But for more libertarian minded folks that believe freedom of speech includes money and that perhaps money and state should be divided; then Bitcoin is the perfect solution.
'''
Context Link
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: sc0obyd0o
1: ww**forb***c*m/site*/*ogerhu*n**2019/04/26*how-*itco*n*a**-*i*ile*k*-sav*d-e*ch-*the#6fb9423474a* 2: *w***orbe***om/s*tes*roger**ang*2019/04/26**ow-bi*coin-and**ikilea*s-saved*eac**o*h*#*f*9423474a5*^^1
Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]

I recently recounted the history of the block size controversy for someone and thought I'd repost it here

Bitcoin development was initially led by an anonymous figure named Satoshi Nakamoto who created the project "Bitcoin: a Peer-to-peer Electronic Cash System"
The project mostly languished in obscurity until in late 2010 it was revealed that Bitcoin was being used to evade the ban on Wikileaks contributions. (A good summary of Bitcoin's early history can be found here.)
Satoshi was opposed to Bitcoin being used for something as controversial as funding Wikileaks, and in one of his last messages, wrote "It would have been nice to get this attention in any other context. WikiLeaks has kicked the hornet's nest, and the swarm is headed towards us." (link). Satoshi vanished shortly thereafter.
When Satoshi disappeared, he left the project effectively in the control of Gavin Andresen, one of the early contributors to the project. Gavin has been characterized as something of a naive academic. It wasn't long before Gavin had been approached by the CIA and agreed to visit and do a presentation. So we know that Bitcoin was on the CIA's radar by 2011.
Bitcoin-as-introduced had an Achilles heel. To prevent a specific kind of denial-of-service attack, Satoshi had added a "block size limit" to prevent flooding attacks. Satoshi's plan was to raise the limit as usage increased. Satoshi and the early Bitcoiners such as myself did not envision that the limit might itself be a vulnerability. A near-complete history of the block size limit controversy is here. I'll attempt to summarize my experience with some references.
Now it's almost 2020, and by now we've all become much more attuned to the scope of what three-letter-agencies have been doing to manipulate social media platforms. But in 2012 that was tinfoil-hat stuff across most of the internet.
In 2012, the Bitcoin subreddit was one of the key places people went for discussion about what was happening in Bitcoin. That, and the bitcointalk forum. The history of what happened has been well documented with sources in places like here and here.
The TLDR is
Throughout all of this, Blockstream steadfastly argued that it didn't control the Bitcoin Core software. Blockstream pointed to Chaincode Labs who funded several key bitcoin developers and the MIT Media Labs "Digital Currency Initiative" who funded Gavin, Cory, and Wladimir. Gavin and Wladimir in particular had the authority to merge changes into the Bitcoin Core software and as such effectively could decide what did and did not go into the software. As an ostensibly academic organization, Gavin and Wladimir etc could act with intellectual honesty and without coercion.
Except Gavin left the Digital Currency Initiative in 2017, saying that while he wasn't pressured to quit, he "didn't want to feel obligated to any person or organization."
Fast forward to 2019, and we learn the fascinating news that the MIT Media Labs were funded in part by none other than Jeffrey Epstein, who it turns out just so happened to be a staunch advocate of the Blockstream approach. So really, Bitcoin development was corralled: Blockstream was paying a bunch of devs, and Blockstream-Friendly MIT Media Labs were paying the others.
If you're still reading this, you probably wonder what it is about the Blockstream strategy that is so "bad." Aren't they just proposing a different way to solve Bitcoin's problems?
The original idea for Bitcoin was a "peer to peer cash system" - - the idea being that if Alice wants to buy something from Bob, she can just give him some tokens - - just like cash.
The new vision of bitcoin promoted by Blockstream and Core is "store of value". Under this model, you buy Bitcoins like you might speculate on gold - you buy some and you hold it. Later, if you want to purchase something, you sell your Bitcoins for some other payment method (or use an IOU against a deposit, just like a bank), and use that for purchases.
It should be apparent after a moment of thought that the original concept (Alice hands Bob some cash which Bob can then spend how he likes) is vastly more disruptive than the model in which Alice buys Bitcoin on a government-regulated exchange, holds them hoping they'll appreciate in value, and then sells them for Euros or dollars. In model one, the currency is essentially outside the domain of gatekeepers, and could completely disintermediate the entire existing financial system just like Napster for money. In model two, Bitcoin is no more disruptive than shares of a gold fund.
submitted by jessquit to btc [link] [comments]

TheMessage Edition 006

TheMessage Edition 006

1 – Quote of the Week – Who Spoke/Wrote these Words?

“One of the best ways to achieve justice is to expose injustice.”
Look for the answer somewhere in this edition of TheMessage

2 – A Deeper Look Inside The Rabbit Hole of Utopia – PART III

In Part II we reviewed the heyday of the BBS (Bulletin Board Service) as well as Internet Relay Chat (IRC). In Part III we will focus on the revolutionary changes that came about in the way people shared content and the consequences of those changes. In early 1999, Napster was launched by teenagers who had met each other on a BBS related to hacking by some accounts, and IRC by others. Their goal was clear; make sharing music over the internet easy. Their software utilized Peer-to-Peer technology and took off like wildfire. The growth of their service was explosive even by today’s standards and helped popularize the term “downloading” in many households. At its height, Napster was utilized by more than 70 million users. The calendar year did not close before the RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America) filed suit on behalf of all five major music labels on December 6, 1999. Eventually the court ordered Napster to pull down all copyright-infringing material and being unable to fully do so, the company shutdown its service on July 1, 2001.
Analysis: The founders of Napster, seeking eventual traditional profits from their service, incorporated the company and in so doing, painted a legal bullseye on their backs for vested interests to target. In legal discovery, communications from one of the founders highlighted a kind of complicity with the copyright-infringement that was rampant on their service. Furthermore, while their software had elements of Peer-to-Peer technology, in that users could share their own content and download from others, the network resources were fully centralized, enabling Napster engineers to attempt to execute the court order and purge their service of infringing content before eventually shutting down. Ultimately, Napster failed because their technology was not fully decentralized, not fully Peer-to-Peer, they exhibited central chokepoints from both a legal and technical perspective.
On July 2, 2001, literally a single day after the Napster central servers were shutdown for good, the first publically available version of the BitTorrent protocol went live. In every way which Napster exhibited fatal flaws during its less than 3 year run, BitTorrent carried the torch with a firmer grip and a longer stride. First, it was an independent and content-agnostic protocol, free from any of the copyright-infringing baggage that the billions and billions of files that would soon be shared using it would carry. Second, it harnessed the awesome power of genuine Peer-to-Peer technology, as “seeders” and “leechers” of files would testify, the bandwidth came from the users themselves, no central servers to target, no central chokepoint to take down. Within 10 years of its release, some reports had BitTorrent traffic representing fully more than half of all internet bandwidth at any given moment in time. The term BitTorrent has become inextricably linked with Peer-to-Peer technology itself and many technically inclined internet users of a certain age, this author included, will lecture you about how the internet simply would not be the same today without the power of BitTorrent.
Think for just a moment how dreadful a place the internet would be if information itself, of a relatively high quality, were not so freely available with a few searches and a little effort. What if when you searched about the “Gulf of Tonkin incident” because you heard that perhaps Vietnam didn’t start the war with the United States, you came across a paywall and were asked to pay $9.99 to learn the historical truth. Just imagine if you decided to research the “USS Liberty incident” because you heard reports that the Israeli military misidentifying the ship as Eqyptian and killing 34 Americans were complete fabrications and Israel knew exactly who it was targeting on that day, but found that reports and in-depth analysis of the events of that day were simply unavailable online because such information was locked up in the vaults of a private corporation and not for sale or distribution.
Can you imagine such an internet for a single moment?
That is how the internet would be with respect to content (Video, Audio, Games, Books) if BitTorrent did not exist. It would be full of holes, paywalls, and dead ends. BitTorrent, and the democratizing nature of content and content distribution represents the very best of the internet in that era. What would happen if this kind of democratizing power were projected unto money itself? That will be the focus of Part IV; the rise of Bitcoin.

3 – Introducing UtopiaLeaks by Orwell

Julian Assange is the speaker of this week’s quote, “One of the best ways to achieve justice is to expose injustice.” He is an Australian activist and publisher who founded Wikileaks in 2006. He is currently in Belmarsh prison, in South-East London, England awaiting extradition hearings to the United States, having been indicted for alleged computer intrusion and subsequently charged with violating the Espionage Act of 1917, a United States federal law being utlized to punish national security leakers.
This publisher, in coordination with a collaborating colleague, Orwell, is pleased to introduce to you a P2P, censorship-resistant, whisteblower-friendly, platform for releasing and distributing secretive material exposing wrongdoing. I’ll let Orwell take it from here:
The channel is called “UtopiaLeaks”, in honour of its older brother and is associated with the uNS record “UTOPIALEAKS”. The Channel ID is 8A03C469E1CDA30C6EA3A63FFA0FBA00. All users who care about seeing injustice exposed are highly encouraged to join the channel in order to give it the P2P robustness it deserves. Investigative journalists from around the world are also encouraged to join the channel and to remain connected in order to receive any files that may be dumped into the channel in the future. Initially, only image files may be shared by users from around the world, but future updates and upgrades to the Utopia client software may allow additional document file types as well. Staying connected to the channel is important because the channel only exists as a Peer-to-Peer forum, meaning image files will only receive initial distribution with whomever is connected at the time of release. It will be up to journalists to authenticate and follow-up on any material that finds it way into the channel. The great news is the channel doesn’t simply offer an encrypted file drop, but also an encrypted chat forum for the leaker to answer questions and share insights. In the future, an accompanying Utopia website may also be developed, but for now this channel should be fit for purpose. Please join today and do whatever you can to spread the word!

https://preview.redd.it/x9afcujyiqh41.png?width=768&format=png&auto=webp&s=f12a58cdeba7f5ace606c980f860201e3ffb2630

4 – CRP Wheel of Random – Invite-Only 350 CRP Mega Round

The private, password-protected channel has been established under the uNS record “FREECRP”. While there have been reports of some users not yet seeing the channel or the option to join, TheMerchant is pleased to report that more than 20 users have already joined the channel. Any invited user not able to join by Sunday will be accommodated since the event itself will be live-streamed. Recall that this event is being held in celebration of the much anticipated major update, 7 weeks in the making, which was released on February 4th of 2020. These Invite-Only Mega Rounds will be held at TheMerchant’s discretion from time to time in celebation of major events and milestones on the Utopia network. It is hoped that we will have reason to hold these events many more times during this year of 2020. Please see the details below for information on the rewards, the criteria for invitation and the list of users invited to celebrate.
Please Note: the following users are eligible for invitation, but because they are not authorized contacts of TheMerchant, have not been able to receive their invitation to join via PM.
Scorpion, m3tal, MrHarr1son, MeineKleineDorf, chelezo, Noname, DrVooDoo, Showmetheway, 123456789, cjh, shengwusuolian, ghostille, Aren, m108, xinyicom, ╣╖╗╠╖└╬, Hvoinui, Pixel, xescapex, imnotallright, eA2, AipotuR
If they wish to join while maintaining the privacy of their Public Key, they are invited to make their intention clear either at TheMegaphone or at TheMarket. Otherwise, they are encouraged to add TheMerchant’s Public Key to their contacts list soon: 0093DEFD354D78D4F035CF04A935DD211A9765B8779C68D30A9DA0B3EB06554F
CRP REWARDS
100 CRP x 1 Spin
75 CRP x 1 Spin
50 CRP x 1 Spin
25 CRP x 3 Spins
10 CRP x 5 Spins
There will be a total of 11 spins for a combined sum of 350 CRP in rewards.
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
The invitation criteria used for this and future Mega Rounds of the CRP Wheel of Random which *enhance eligibility* are as follows:
A) Active participation in public chat (including non-English) channels where a helpful and positive attitude toward fellow users of Utopia is demonstrated
B) Subscribing to TheMarket, TheMegaphone & TheMessage and demonstrating active participation
C) Having a uNS record registered that resembles your alias/account name
D) Active participation in contests held by TheMerchant
E) TheMerchant reserves the right to use his discretion in qualifying additional users of Utopia (e.g. tempting 1984 to join us again!)

5 – Personal Note from The Publisher

Here’s where to find the “Rabbit Hole” that is Utopia for those who may be reading on the surveillance landscape of the clearnet: https://u.is
TheMerchant Public Key: 0093DEFD354D78D4F035CF04A935DD211A9765B8779C68D30A9DA0B3EB06554F
Request contact authorization from TheMerchant to receive uMail versions of TheMessage and to purchase CRP, the future of private P2P commerce.
TheMarket Channel ID: E95109799EC5047783C867F6AF6D4568
Utopia’s leading forum for the exchange of both CRP and uNS records. Zero-Profit Escrow Service is available from TheMerchant to help establish trust.
TheMessage Channel ID: BE91B84B9565C8429D214EBB10753E83
The first weekly publication on all things Utopia. Subscribe to TheMessage and get connected.
TheMegaphone Channel ID: 3277D61A3CF7BAEE951C0C6607532FB8
TheMerchant’s ECHO feed; his personal and uncensored voice, amplified and protected by Utopia. Turn on TheMegaphone!
submitted by Hackology_co to Utopia1984 [link] [comments]

Wikileaks shop accepts BCH and tweeted to its 5 million followers!

Wikileaks shop accepts BCH and tweeted to its 5 million followers! submitted by tanbtc to btc [link] [comments]

IoT Testing !!!

IoT is a whole ecosystem that contains intelligent devices equipped with sensors (sensors) that provide remote control, storage, transmission and security of data. The Internet of Things (IoT) is an innovative solution in various areas such as healthcare, insurance, labor protection, logistics, ecology, etc. To unleash the full potential of using IoT devices, it is necessary to solve many problems related to standards, security, architecture, ecosystem construction, channels and device connection protocols. Today in the world, large organizations such as NIST, IEEE, ISO / IEC, and others make enormous efforts in addressing the issues of standardization, security, and the architecture of developed devices. Analysis of recent scientific research in the field of solving information security issues and data privacy of IoT devices showed positive results, but these methods and approaches are based on traditional methods of network security. The development and application of security mechanisms for IoT devices is a complex and heterogeneous task. In this regard, ensuring information security and the protection of sensitive data, as well as the availability of IoT devices, is the main purpose of writing this article. Given the above, many questions arise related to the security status of IoT devices, namely: What are the current standards and protocols for IoT? What are the requirements for ensuring information security of IoT devices? What security mechanisms do IoT devices have? What methods of testing IoT devices exist? Manufacturers and developers of IoT devices do not pay enough attention to security issues. With the development of cyber-attacks, attack vectors are becoming more sophisticated and aimed at several infrastructure elements at the same time. IoT infrastructure typically includes millions of connected objects and devices that store and share confidential information. Scenarios of theft and fraud, such as hacking and falsifying personal data, pose a serious threat to such IoT devices. Most IoT devices use the public Internet to exchange data, which makes them vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Modern approaches to information security often offer solutions to individual problems, when multi-level approaches offer increased resistance to cyber-attacks.
Challenges of testing IoT devices
To a request to name essential items, many would answer: food, a roof over your head, clothes … With one caveat: this was the case in the last century.
Since then, the species Homo Sapiens has accumulated needs. We need automatic sensors to control the lighting, not just switches, for smart systems to monitor health and car traffic. The list goes on … In general, we can make life easier and better.
Let’s try to figure out how all this Internet of things works before moving on to testing.
IoT testing
Content
What is the Internet of Things (IoT)? Examples of IoT devices # 1) Wearable technology: # 2) Infrastructure and development # 3) Health Technologies that are present in IoT IoT Testing # 1) Usability: # 2) IoT Security: # 3) Network features: # 4) Efficiency: # 5) Compatibility testing: # 6) Pilot testing: # 7) Check for compliance: # 8) Testing updates: IoT testing challenges # 1) Hard / soft # 2) Device Interaction Model # 3) Testing data coming in real time # 4) UI # 5) Network Availability IoT Testing Tools # 1) Software: # 2) Hard: Total What is the Internet of Things (IoT)? The Internet of things (or IoT) is a network that combines many objects: vehicles, home automation, medical equipment, microchips, etc. All these constituent elements accumulate and transmit data. Through this technology, the user controls the devices remotely.

Examples of IoT devices

# 1) Wearable technology: Fitbit Fitness Bracelets and Apple Watch smart watches sync seamlessly with other mobile devices.

IoT – watches and bracelets

Itís easier to collect health information: heart rate, body activity during sleep, etc.
# 2) Infrastructure and development The CitySense app analyzes lighting data online and turns lights on and off automatically. There are applications that control traffic lights or report on the availability of parking lots.
# 3) Health Some health monitoring systems are used in hospitals. The basis of their work is indicative data. These services control the dosage of drugs at different times of the day. For example, the UroSense application monitors the level of fluid in the body and, if necessary, increases this level. And doctors will learn about patient information wirelessly.
Technologies that are present in IoT RFID (Radio Frequency Identification), EPC (Electronic Product Code) NFC (ìNear Field Communicationî) provides two-way communication between devices. This technology is present in smartphones and is used for contactless transactions.
Bluetooth It is widely used in situations where near-field communication is sufficient. Most often present in wearable devices. Z-Wave. Low frequency RF technology. Most often used for home automation, lighting control, etc. WiFi. The most popular network for IoT (file, data and message transfer). IoT Testing Consider an example : a medical system that monitors health status, heart rate, fluid content, and sends reports to healthcare providers. Data is displayed in the system; archives available. And doctors are already deciding whether to take medication for the patient remotely.
IoT architecture
There are several approaches for testing the IoT architecture.
# 1) Usability: It is necessary to provide usability testing of each device. A medical device that monitors your health should be portable.
Sufficiently thought out equipment is needed that would send not only notifications, but also error messages, warnings, etc. The system must have an option that captures events, so that the end user understands. If this is not possible, event information is stored in the database. The ability to process data and exchange tasks between devices is carefully checked. # 2) IoT Security: Data is at the heart of all connected devices. Therefore, unauthorized access during data transfer is not ruled out. From the point of view of software testing, it is necessary to check how secure / encrypted the data is. If there is a UI, you need to check if it is password protected. # 3) Network features: Network connectivity and IoT functionality are critical. After all, we are talking about a system that is used for health purposes. Two main aspects are tested: The presence of a network , the possibility of data transfer (whether jobs are transferred from one device to another without any hitch). The scenario when there is no connection . Regardless of the level of reliability of the system, it is likely that the status of the system will be ìofflineî. If the network is unavailable, employees of the hospital or other organization need to know about it (notifications). Thus, they will be able to monitor the condition of the patient themselves, and not wait for the system to work. On the other hand, in such systems there is usually a mechanism that saves data if the system is offline. That is, data loss is eliminated. # 4) Efficiency: It is necessary to take into account the extent to which the healthcare solution is applicable in specific conditions. In testing, from 2 to 10 patients participate, data is transmitted to 10-20 devices. If the entire hospital is connected to the network, this is already 180-200 patients. That is, there will be more actual data than test data. In addition, it is necessary to test the utility for monitoring the system: current load, power consumption, temperature, etc. # 5) Compatibility testing: This item is always present in the plan for testing the IoT system. The compatibility of different versions of operating systems, browser types and their respective versions, devices of different generations, communication modes [for example, Bluetooth 2.0, 3.0] is extremely important for IoT. # 6) Pilot testing: Pilot testing is a mandatory point of the test plan. Only tests in the laboratory will allow us to conclude that the system is functional. In pilot testing, the number of users is limited. They make manipulations with the application and express their opinion. These comments turn out to be very helpful, they make a reliable application. # 7) Check for compliance: The system, which monitors the state of health, undergoes many compliance checks. It also happens that a software product passes all stages of testing, but fails the final test for compliance [testing is carried out by the regulatory body]. It is more advisable to check for compliance with norms and standards before starting the development cycle. # 8) Testing updates: IoT is a combination of many protocols, devices, operating systems, firmware, hardware, network layers, etc. When an update occurs – be it a system or something else of the above – rigorous regression testing is required. The overall strategy is being amended to avoid the difficulties associated with the upgrade.

IoT testing challengesIoT testing

# 1) Hard / soft IoT is an architecture in which software and hardware components are closely intertwined. Not only software is important, but also hard: sensors, gateways, etc.
Functional testing alone will not be enough to certify the system. All components are interdependent. IoT is much more complicated than simpler systems [only software or only hard].
# 2) Device Interaction Model Components of the network must interact in real time or close to real. All this becomes a single whole – hence the additional difficulties associated with IoT (security, backward compatibility and updates).
# 3) Testing data coming in real time Obtaining this data is extremely difficult. The matter is complicated by the fact that the system, as in the described case, may relate to the health sector.
# 4) UI An IoT network usually consists of different devices that are controlled by different platforms [iOS, Android, Windows, linux]. Testing is possible only on some devices, since testing on all possible devices is almost impossible.
# 5) Network Availability Network connectivity plays an important role in IoT. The data rate is increasing. IoT architecture should be tested under various connection conditions, at different speeds. Virtual network emulators in most cases are used to diversify network load, connectivity, stability, and other elements of load testing . But the evidence is always new scenarios, and the testing team does not know where the difficulties will arise in the future.

IoT Testing ToolsIoT and software

There are many tools that are used in testing IoT systems.
They are classified depending on the purpose:
# 1) Software: Wireshark : An open source tool. Used to monitor traffic in the interface, source / given host address, etc. Tcpdump : This tool does a similar job. The utility does not have a GUI, its interface is the command line. It enables the user to flash TCP / IP and other packets that are transmitted over the network. # 2) Hard: JTAG Dongle: A tool similar to debuggers in PC applications. Allows you to find defects in the code of the target platform and shows the changes step by step. Digital Storage Oscilloscope : checks various events using time stamps, power outages, signal integrity. Software Defined Radio : emulates a transmitter and receiver for various wireless gateways. IoT is an emerging market and many opportunities. In the foreseeable future, the Internet of things will become one of the main areas of work for tester teams. Network devices, smart gadget applications, communication modules – all this plays an important role in the study and evaluation of various services.
Total The approach to testing IoT may vary depending on the specific system / architecture.
Itís difficult to test IoT, but at the same time itís an interesting job, since testers have a good place to swing – there are many devices, protocols and operating systems.
PS You should try out the TAAS format (“tests from the user’s point of view”), and not just fulfill the formal requirements.
—————
Smart watches, baby-sitters, wireless gadgets and devices such as, for example, a portable radio station have long been part of everyday life.
Hackers have already proven that many of these attacks on IoT are possible.
Many people in general first learned about IoT security threats when they heard about the Mirai botnet in September 2016.
According to some estimates, Mirai infected about 2.5 million IoT devices, including printers, routers and cameras connected to the Internet.
The botnetís creators used it to launch distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, including an attack on the KrebsonSecurity cybersecurity blog.
In fact, the attackers used all devices infected with Mirai to try to connect to the target site at the same time, in the hope of suppressing the servers and preventing access to the site.
Since Mirai was first published on the news, attackers launched other botnet attacks on IoT, including Reaper and Hajime.
Experts say that such attacks are most likely in the future.
The Internet of Things (IoT) can bring many advantages to modern life, but it also has one huge drawback: security threats.
In its 2018 IOT forecasts, Forroter Research notes: ìSecurity threats are a major concern for companies deploying IoT solutions – in fact, this is the main task of organizations looking to deploy IoT solutions.
However, most firms do not regularly prevent IoT-specific security threats, and business pressure suppresses technical security issues. î
IoT security risks can be even more significant on the consumer side, where people are often unaware of potential threats and what they should do to avoid threats.
A 2017 IoT security survey sponsored by Gemalto Security Provider found that only 14 percent of consumers surveyed consider themselves IoT-aware.
This number is particularly noteworthy because 54 percent of the respondents owned an average of four IoT devices.
And these IoT security threats are not just theoretical.
Hackers and cybercriminals have already found ways to compromise many IoT devices and networks, and experts say that successful attacks are likely to increase.
Forrester predicted: “In 2018, we will see more attacks related to IoT … except that they will increase in scale and loss.”
What types of IoT security threats will enterprises and consumers face in 2018?
Based on historical precedent, here are ten of the most likely types of attacks.
  1. Botnets and DDoS attacks
  2. Remote recording The possibility that attackers can hack IoT devices and record owners without their knowledge is not revealed as a result of the work of hackers, but as a result of the work of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Documents released by WikiLeaks implied that the spy agency knew about dozens of zero-day exploits for IoT devices, but did not disclose errors, because they hoped to use vulnerabilities to secretly record conversations that would reveal the actions of alleged opponents of America.
Documents pointed to vulnerabilities in smart TVs, as well as on Android and iOS smartphones.
The obvious consequence is that criminals can also exploit these vulnerabilities for their vile purposes.
  1. Spam In January 2014, one of the first known attacks using IoT devices used more than 100,000 Internet-connected devices, including televisions, routers, and at least one smart refrigerator to send 300,000 spam emails per day.
The attackers sent no more than 10 messages from each device, which makes it very difficult to block or determine the location of the incident.
This first attack was not far from the last.
IoT spam attacks continued in the fall with the Linux.ProxyM IoT botnet.
  1. APTs In recent years, advanced persistent threats (APTs) have become a serious concern for security professionals.
APTs are carried out by funded and widespread attackers such as nation states or corporations that launch complex cyberattacks that are difficult to prevent or mitigate.
For example, the Stuxnet worm, which destroyed Iranian nuclear centrifuges and hacking Sony Pictures 2014, was attributed to nation states.
Because the critical infrastructure is connected to the Internet, many experts warn that APTs may launch a power-oriented IoT attack, industrial control systems, or other systems connected to the Internet.
Some even warn that terrorists could launch an attack on iOT, which could harm the global economy.
  1. Ransomware Ransomware has become too common on home PCs and corporate networks. Now experts say that it is only a matter of time before the attackers begin to block smart devices. Security researchers have already demonstrated the ability to install ransomware on smart thermostats. For example, they can raise the temperature to 95 degrees and refuse to return it to its normal state until the owner agrees to pay a ransom in Bitcoins. They can also launch similar attacks on garage doors, vehicles, or even appliances. How much would you pay to unlock your smart coffee pot first thing in the morning?
  2. Data theft Obtaining important data, such as customer names, credit card numbers, social security numbers, and other personal information, is still one of the main goals of cyber attacks.
IoT devices represent a whole new vector of attack for criminals looking for ways to invade corporate or home networks.
For example, if an improperly configured device or IoT sensor is connected to corporate networks, this can give attackers a new way to enter the network and potentially find the valuable data that they need.
  1. Home theft As smart locks and smart garage doors become more commonplace, it is also more likely that cybercriminals can become real thieves.
Home systems that are not properly protected can be vulnerable to criminals with sophisticated tools and software.
Security researchers are unlikely to have shown that itís quite easy to break into a house through smart locks from several different manufacturers, and smart garage doors do not seem to be much safer.
  1. Communication with children One of the most disturbing IoT security stories came from children.
One couple discovered that the stranger not only used his monitor for children to spy on their three-year-old son, this stranger also spoke with his child through the device.
Mother heard an unknown voice: ìWake up, boy, dad is looking for you,î and the child said that he was scared because at night someone was talking to him on an electronic device.
As more and more children’s gadgets and toys connect to the Internet, it seems likely that these frightening scenarios may become more common.
  1. Remote control of a vehicle As vehicles become smarter and more accessible on the Internet, they also become vulnerable to attack.
Hackers have shown that they can take control of a jeep, maximize air conditioning, change the radio station, start the wipers, and ultimately slow down the car.
The news led to the recall of 1.4 million cars, but whitehat researchers, following the original exploit, said they discovered additional vulnerabilities that were not fixed by the Chrysler patch applied to the recalled cars.
Although experts say the automotive industry is doing a great job of ensuring vehicle safety, it is almost certain that attackers will find new vulnerabilities in such smart cars.
  1. Personal attacks Sometimes IoT covers more than just devices – it can also include people who have connected medical devices implanted in their bodies.
An episode of the television series Homeland attempted a murder aimed at an implanted medical device, and former vice president Dick Cheney was so worried about this scenario that he turned off the wireless capabilities on his implanted defibrillator.
This kind of attack has not yet happened in real life, but it remains possible, as many medical devices become part of the IoT.
submitted by farabijfa to u/farabijfa [link] [comments]

Wikileaks Offers $100K Reward For Trump-Comey 'Tapes'

Wikileaks Offers $100K Reward For Trump-Comey 'Tapes' submitted by esteban-was-eaten to politics [link] [comments]

Lessons in Crypto-Anarchy: What Assange Did Wrong and What to Do Right

Assange has finally been taken by the authorities and is no longer in control of his destiny, and there is little we can do to help him or influence his fate:
https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/julian-assange-showing-symptoms-psychological-torture-expert-says-n1012081
This all began for Assange long ago when he wrote a manifesto about open government and how exposing government secrets could force them to be good actors:
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2010/06/07/no-secrets
He had come to understand the defining human struggle not as left versus right, or faith versus reason, but as individual versus institution. As a student of Kafka, Koestler, and Solzhenitsyn, he believed that truth, creativity, love, and compassion are corrupted by institutional hierarchies, and by “patronage networks”—one of his favorite expressions—that contort the human spirit. He sketched out a manifesto of sorts, titled “Conspiracy as Governance,” which sought to apply graph theory to politics. Assange wrote that illegitimate governance was by definition conspiratorial—the product of functionaries in “collaborative secrecy, working to the detriment of a population.” He argued that, when a regime’s lines of internal communication are disrupted, the information flow among conspirators must dwindle, and that, as the flow approaches zero, the conspiracy dissolves. Leaks were an instrument of information warfare.
These ideas soon evolved into WikiLeaks. In 2006, Assange barricaded himself in a house near the university and began to work. In fits of creativity, he would write out flow diagrams for the system on the walls and doors, so as not to forget them. There was a bed in the kitchen, and he invited backpackers passing through campus to stay with him, in exchange for help building the site. “He wouldn’t sleep at all,” a person who was living in the house told me. “He wouldn’t eat.”
His work, "Conspiracy as Governance" can be found here:
http://cryptome.org/0002/ja-conspiracies.pdf
And his Manifesto here:
http://blog.9while9.com/manifesto-anthology/assange.html

---

Now, I am not suggesting that Assange has done anything wrong necessarily (or not).
I am suggesting that Assange was tactically wrong because he made himself the locus of power over the secrets he ended up receiving.
He began withholding secrets and using them as bargaining chips, even protection, against the threat of prosecution from world powers.
This incentivized them to spend literally years and millions of dollar to attack his character, do what they could to take away his freedom, and use their espionage divisions to prevent Assange from releasing his massive treasure-trove of government secrets.
Though Assange claimed to have a dead-man's switch that he would hit if he was arrested, his arrest has come and gone and nothing has been released.
We can assume the governments of the world have spent the last few years infiltrating the Ecuadorean embassay and have deprived Assange of the ability to release these documents, which are now apparently lost to the world.

A Change in Strategy

I suggest that Assange erred by making himself the center of the Wikileaks controversy, and he would've been better off either by trying to remain anonymous, like the Bitcoin creator, Satoshi Nakamoto, or that he should have created a system that is capable of collecting and releasing secrets autonomously without human involvement or control, in the form of a P2P document release system which integrates perhaps TOR-like abilities as well as being similar perhaps to Bitmessage with its decaying blockchain, and might distribute documents similar to IPFS, or perhaps similar to Mega the encrypted file-storage system.
A system such as this would lack the ability of someone to black out names and comb through the docs, but on the other hand that ability was not able to shield Assange from prosecution ultimately, so it can be scrapped.
Some may say this could expose undercover agents of various governments by name and the like. And that's true. And the effect would be many more people would be reluctant to work undercover for governments and do spying, and government would not want to record their names in secret documents anymore. That is a decent outcome. Don't trust governments to keep your name secret if you are doing heinous work for them.
Lastly I want to remark that people underestimate how reliant upon intelligence gathering the modern nation state is for keeping it in power.
The first modern use of intelligence literally kept the British Queen in power and diverted a plot to overthrow the British monarchy. The simple fact is that today, with strong crypto, the world is once again going dark for the intelligence services of the world who are increasingly unable to penetrate where they once did online.
We should all become strong users of crypto, especially if you are doing nothing wrong, because privacy is your right, and rather than expecting others to respect your privacy, via crypto you can ensure no one has the power to pierce your privacy.
Not even an all-powerful tyrant government.
Here's to hoping the Wikileaks treasure-trove does one day see the light of day, and that Assange does again too.
submitted by Anenome5 to GoldandBlack [link] [comments]

Taylor Owen: From Bitcoin to WikiLeaks: Shaping the World in the Digital Age BREAKING: BITCOIN DIP CAUSED BY WIKILEAKS DUMPING BITCOIN! Julian Assange had A LOT OF BITCOIN! WikiLeaks Loves Bitcoin -- Kansas House bought with ... New documents show COINTELPRO operations aganst WikiLeaks Julian Assange Satoshi Connection & Wikileaks Bitcoin & Crypto Pioneer

WikiLeaks eventually opened up to bitcoin donations in June 2011. Bitcoin innovation stretches beyond payments Assange has already spoken in favour of bitcoin on several occasions. WikiLeaks is the Pentagon Papers of our age, the trial case that will define how wide Internet freedom truly stretches. And in this effort, Wikleaks has saved Bitcoin and been saved by Bitcoin in WikiLeaks publishes documents of political or historical importance that are censored or otherwise suppressed. We specialise in strategic global publishing and large archives. The following is the address of our secure site where you can anonymously upload your documents to WikiLeaks editors. You can only access this submissions system through Tor. Despite Claiming To Be The Real BTC Creator, WikiLeaks Has Just Provided Evidence That Craig Wright Is Lying. Anyone with any kind of knowledge of Bitcoin knows that it was created originally by “Satoshi Nakamoto,” which is a pseudonym.There has been many claims and theories about who this mystery person or group could be, but Craig Wright is one of the main people to continually claim WikiLeaks publishes documents of political or historical importance that are censored or otherwise suppressed. We specialise in strategic global publishing and large archives. The following is the address of our secure site where you can anonymously upload your documents to WikiLeaks editors. You can only access this submissions system through Tor.

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Taylor Owen: From Bitcoin to WikiLeaks: Shaping the World in the Digital Age

Julian Assange Satoshi Connection & Wikileaks Bitcoin & Crypto Pioneer - Duration: 24:09. The Crypto Lark 21,643 views. 24:09. Bitcoin.com stands firmly in support of financial freedom and the liberty that Bitcoin provides globally for anyone to voluntarily participate in a permissionless and decentralized network that ... BITCOIN GOLDEN CROSS - LEGENDARY INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY btc crypto live market price today 2019 news - Duration: 45:24. Crypto Crew University 51,960 views 45:24 New top-secret documents show the FBI is targeting Wikileaks, as well as other activist groups. The program was revealed through papers obtained by whistleblower Edward Snowden. Wikileaks Mocking US Government Over Bitcoin Shows Why There Is No Stopping Bitcoin The Dollar Vigilante. ... Julian Assange: Bitcoin is Much More Than Just a Currency - Duration: 7:58.

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